India is predominantly religious country, either hindu or muslim, the practice of homosexuality is unnatural, immoral, irreligious and abnormal. India is among the 72 countries to ban same-sex marriages. It is a criminal offense as per the penal code 377 and offenders can face up to 10 years or life in prison. Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer and intersex (LGBTQI) community in India face legal and social difficulties as it is illegal and cannot obtain civil partnership.
In some countries, homosexuality can lead to death penalty. The United Nation’s resolution to abolish death penalty was very significant in securing basic rights for the people.
India has voted against the resolution, while 27 other countries voted in favor. It is seen from human rights advocates that Indian law against LGBTQI community is against human equality as it does not protect from discrimination and hatred, which is widely prevalent in the society.
Image by Chatham House [CC BY 2.0], via Wikimedia Commons
There are many takers in India on the topic of human rights of LGBTQ community. Prominent leaders like Shashi Tharoor, Ghulam Nabi Azad, Sri Sri Ravi Shankar etc., spoke openly on this issue. Shashi Tharoor introduced bill in the parliament on LGBTQ rights, which was defeated twice.