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Indian Supreme Court Declares Privacy A Fundamental Right

Fundamental right is constitutional fire wall, which prevents state interference with freedom and liberty of the citizen.  In a historic ruling, India’s Supreme Court declared that privacy is a fundamental right and applies for each of its 1.3 billion citizens protected under the constitution of India.
The supreme court of India gave historic verdict on Thursday declaring that individual privacy is a fundamental right since privacy is the part and parcel of life of an individual. This judgment was delivered unanimously by 9 judge bench and it has over-ruled the two judgments given earlier.
Aadhaar related issue:
There is no definition of right to privacy in Indian constitution and India follows the definitions defined by other countries. Right to privacy is now in limelight because of Aadhaar related issue. Aadhaar is the body which is managed by UIDAI. While applying for the Aadhaar card, it is mandatory to provide personal data which includes all our demographic and biometric data.
So by implementing right to privacy we just want that our that personal information is not shared with any private organisations and be secured with government only.
Under Aadhaar scheme the Government has been collecting fingerprints and iris scan from the citizens which have been under criticism, because this action will affect the privacy of the individuals.
However the Government can infringe in the privacy, for legitimate public purpose. But the affected person can always challenge the law in the constitutional court. The Government has been directed to enact strong rule pertaining to data protection and bring about balance between individual interest and legitimate state concern.
This judgment has global significance as it support the spirit of Article 12 of the Universal Declaration of the Human Rights besides the Article 17 International covenants on Civil and Political Rights.
India is the world’s biggest democracy and with this ruling, it has joined United States, Canada, South Africa, the European Union and the UK in recognizing this fundamental right.

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